Since 2013, this has been underpinned by a … A Strategy for Action. In addition, the information was shared with participants in an open manner and communities felt more ownership over the results. AJS programs are designed to tailor justice needs to specific Aboriginal communities to address this overrepresentation. This section of the report describes the AJS. Evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. Ottawa. Corrections’ Aboriginal Justice Strategy. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. Evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. Evaluations of the AJS have proven its effectiveness thus far. Context of the evaluation 1.2. THE ABORIGINAL JUSTICE STRATEGY. Initially program coordinators expressed some mistrust of conventional evaluation approaches. As the table shows, recidivism rates are significantly lower among program participants at every point in time after completing the program. It is a successful program that helps steer Aboriginal people away from a lifestyle of crime, provides hope and opportunity for Aboriginal youth and helps end cycles of violence." While it initially allocated $11.5 million annually to AJS in the current funding allocation, the federal government applied budget-reallocation and adjustments to the AJS such that the program's actual allocation has been varying between $9.4 and $10.3 annually (see Table 1 for details). To what extent is there a continuing need for the AJS? AJS community-based programs have a number of benefits on the communities they serve as well as diverting offenders from the mainstream justice system which include: In many of the cases examined, regardless of the AJS program model used, the impacts of the program extend beyond the principal participants. One such program - the Aboriginal Justice Strategy - supports Aboriginal communities to establish programs and systems to divert Aboriginal people away from the mainstream justice system and to handle less serious offences (property crimes for example) outside of courts. The Koori Youth Justice Strategy engaged TACSI to facilitate a process that would support the Aboriginal Justice Unit to develop a strategy to reduce Aboriginal Youth engagement with the justice system by 30% by 2030. Many Aboriginal communities have yet to implement these programs, and even where such programs exist, not all Aboriginal offenders who may benefit from these programs are able to access them. In collaboration with the Aboriginal Justice Directorate, the Aboriginal Law and Strategic Policy group leads federal-provincial-territorial working groups on Aboriginal justice issues and the renewal process for the AJS, and provides legal advice on self-government negotiations. ... Aboriginal Justice College TOP. This provincial average does not reflect the cost of conducting a trial in a remote location, which is considerably higher. For more information, visit B.C. This average cost is based on provincial court expenditures (court expenditures, prosecution costs, and legal aid) from three jurisdictions in Canada relating to summary offence charges. The Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada contributes $2 million annually while the Department of Justice contributes the remaining portion. Chris Fleming, Aboriginal Justice Directorate, It has long been established that Aboriginal people have much more contact with the criminal justice system than other groups. 1 S.R.C. In terms of the extent of the impact, AJS program participants are approximately half as likely to re-offend as are comparison group members. 2. As intended, Photovoice enabled the evaluators to perceive the world from the viewpoint of the community members—those who are most involved and impacted by the community-based justice programs. As indicated by the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, there can be fundamentally different approaches between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people on what constitutes justice and how it can be achieved. As this Court recently noted (…), there is widespread bias against aboriginal people within Canada, and “[t]here is evidence that this widespread racism has translated into systemic discrimination in the criminal justice system.”, (…) These findings cry out for recognition of the magnitude and gravity of the problem, and for responses to alleviate it. The AJS supports a range of activities that are expected to contribute to the achievement of specific policy goals. It was found that the turnover rates for program coordinators were rather high, and because of this, a process for continuity from one coordinator to another is necessary. Develop an Aboriginal Justice Workforce Development Strategy. It transferred the Aboriginal Justice Directorate, which was formally included in the Aboriginal Affairs Portfolio, to the Programs Branch within the Policy Sector (see Figure 2). A key objective of the AJS is to promote the use of alternative measures to the mainstream justice system to address Aboriginal justice issues. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Annual Report 2005-2006. Many people believed both cases reflected discrimination in the justice system. In 1988, Aboriginal leader, J.J Harper, was killed in a confrontation with a police constable. Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja contributes to making Aboriginal families and communities safer, and equitable justice outcomes. Improvements in access to justice programs have been realized because the mandates of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS) were enhanced and expanded. Photovoice is based on the premise that community members are the most knowledgeable about the situation in their respective communities and about solutions that work. Bridging the Cultural Divide: A Report on Aboriginal People and Criminal Justice in Canada. Although there were many reasons why offenders would be referred to an AJS program but did not participate in that program, the two most common reasons for non-participation were (a) refusal by the Crown, the program, the victim or the offender, or, (b) the offender had moved away prior to program commencement. has many programs, services and resources to help and support Aboriginal people and communities involved with the criminal justice system. Conclusions, Reccommendations and Management Response. Also, other socio-economic factors, such as lower rates of educational attainment, lower employment and income, and other health and social issues contribute to Aboriginal people’s overrepresentation in the justice system and play a part in a continuing cycle of overrepresentation.[47]. They represent 18 per cent of the federal prison population although they account for just 3 per cent of the general Canadian population. An Aboriginal Justice College will be needed to provide training and continuing education for the Aboriginal people required to assume positions of responsibility within both the existing justice system and Aboriginal justice systems. Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; Appendix B: Summary of Case Studies. [3]   The Correctional Investigator Canada. Aboriginal Justice Strategy. The Aboriginal Justice Caucus, consisting of Aboriginal Elders and leaders, is leading the development of the first Aboriginal Youth Justice strategy, which will be informed by the work of the Koori Youth Justice Taskforce, led by the Commissioner for Aboriginal Children and … Helping to re-establish connections between the offenders, the victims, and the community; Opening up communication and providing a forum for dialogue between people affected by either an offence or another issue brought to one of the programs, a forum which would not generally be available through the mainstream justice system; and. These activities operate jointly, supporting and complementing one another in meeting the overall objectives of the AJS. Even without including the higher costs of holding a trial in a remote location, the AJS was still found to be a more cost-effective approach in dealing with offenders than sending them into the mainstream justice system. 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