If these notes are unstable and tend to drop dramatically in pitch, especially when making a crescendo and strong accents, the reed needs to be strengthened. You can get a good idea if your reed is on the right track by observing the tip opening for symmetry and how the sides of the reed close as the reed is squeezed top to bottom. The reed will play flatter in pitch and gain resonance. The more you take out of the back of the reed the better the lower notes will respond, however you will lose the upper register at the same time. Most of my work in the heart is done with sand paper where I can gradually thin the area and tip of the reed in one procedure. Consistency is the thing that we all strive for when working on reeds. Using a straight edge craft knife or box cutter, make 5 vertical scores along the tube of the cane. I try to scrape the reed using the following approach. Use pliers to insert a metal coat hanger through one of the belt holes. The file/sandpaper is less discriminatory and will take cane out of a larger area. Tighten all wires and let blank dry a minimum of one day. I like my tip opening to be around of an inch or 1.5mm. The knife allows you to take cane out of specific areas. 2. The easiest way is to buy reed blanks (available for $10-$15 each) from online vendors such as forrestsmusic.com or charlesmusic.com. Try to avoid making the back of the reed thinner then the area in front. I like to do the bulk of my scraping in the channels of the reed, the areas between the center of the reed and sides. I trim my reeds by using three check notes to see how the reed performs on the bassoon. Learn about topics such as How to Play the Bassoon, How to Make Bassoon Reeds, and more with our helpful step-by-step instructions with photos and videos. Retighten all wires and wrap reed. I start my tip at 31mm from the first wire. Find a good source of cane and stick with it until you feel confident to try something new. Measure from the bottom of the wire, not from the center. Fasten the base with wire to hold it in a cylindrical shape. Scraping the channels straight down to the tip is another “safe” way of thinning the tip. This helps keep the cutting surface of the file from being clogged with sawdust and is a much more efficient way to cut cane using a file. Hopefully the reed blank will start out being symmetrical and of equal strength on both sides. The first wire can be closed down by squeezing top to bottom, with pliers or your fingers, if the reed seems hard to attack. The reed ends up with a heavy center and becomes a reed that tends to play sharp and ugly if it plays at all. Every bassoon player knows just how important a good bassoon reed is. The tip is most fragile area of the reed. The cane will be the inconsistent part of the process because all cane is different. This may be enough to get a reed to play if it was close to playing before. The placement of the collar is up to the individual player. (Bassoon Outreach to Support Students). 5. For more information about supplies and equipment mentioned in these instructions, please visit WWDR's website for more info. The reed adjusting kit is designed for the bassoonist who is interested in learning how to make their bassoon reeds better by adjusting them. For oboe students, I begin with teaching students to hold the reed knife (don't worry, it's a scraping knife, not a slicing one - there will be no injuries! Holding the cane around a mandrel. Tightly wrap the blank with string from the bottom of the reed to just above the first wire. A fairly safe way to thin the very tip of the reed is to use a sapphire fingernail file, cutting straight up and down with the grain right on the tip of the reed. Try to cut the tip as perpendicular to the length of the reed and straight as possible. This will make it more flexible and less likely to split. Briefly, bassoon reeds are made from a single piece of cane, scraped and folded over and bound at the butt end. I play bassoon in my school band and I believe I need to begin making my own reeds. My usually playing length is 29.5mm. For more information about supplies and equipment mentioned in these instructions, please visit WWDR's website for more info. Place the second wire 8 mm below the first. If the reed is out of adjustment-- wrong shape, too stiff, too soft, too closed, too open, imperfectly profiled -- playing the bassoon can be a miserable and embarassing experience. Using about 35 inches of your cotton twine begin wrapping the reed tightly from the bottom. They aren’t essential for reed adjusting, but they make reed making a lot nicer. The full reed making kit is great for bassoonists who want to learn to make reeds from sc The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.Appearing in its modern form in the 19th century, the bassoon figures prominently in orchestral, concert band, and chamber music literature. If your bassoon didn't come with a seat strap, you can either buy one or make one using an old belt. Soak the reed for a few minutes in water. %PDF-1.3 A reed that plays sharp is too hard and needs to be trimmed by either flattening the wires or scraping the channels as necessary to get the reed to play. The steps are too many and too complex, so you will need a private teacher to show you the steps. If you have problems playing sharp go to a wider shape or longer reed. This cleans off the "surface scum" that collects with use and lengthens the life of the reed. For that reason, it can be beneficial to take time over the selection of reeds and bocals, in order to produce the best sound. When thinning the tip of the reed with a knife, always scrape towards the middle of the reed. Squeezing the second wire from the sides will raise the pitch of the reed and make it darker in sound by damping its vibrations. 8. Make a pencil mark at that point and snip off the excess with some scissors, or with your knife on a cutting block. Forming Bassoon Reeds with WW Profiled Bassoon Cane Womble/Williams profiled bassoon cane can give you excellent resul The bassoon machines are a cane guillotine, hand-crank pre-gouger, gouger, profiler, and tip profiler. The first thing you need to do to a reed blank that has been formed is to cut the tip of the reed off to length. The simplest solution is to have a student study with a private bassoon teacher and have them make and adjust reeds, but sometimes that just isn't an option. Womble/Williams profiled bassoon cane can give you excellent results with a minimum of effort if you follow the following directions. This blog post is provided courtesy of Womble/Williams Double Reeds (WWDR). You should make the same number of scrapes with your knife or file on each of the sides when scraping. The top half of the reed controls the “sound” of the reed. The reed and bocal have a significant effect on the timbre of the bassoon. Try to copy reeds from your teacher or other sources that work, keeping the tapers and tip thickness similar. Also, for large bassoons, cutting tone holes obliquely is necessary to keep the space between tone holes within an appropriate range. Place the first wire on the reed 26 mm from the butt side. Making the wire rounder by squeezing the sides of the reed, where the wire is, will: Open the tip of the reed. Bassoon Learn everything you want about Bassoon with the wikiHow Bassoon Category. The alignment and covering of tone holes is very precise on the bassoon. The sound of the reed will darken as the sides are thinned in relation to the center. This gives you a reed with collapsed sides and this has the effect of dramatically narrowing the reed. If possible sand the inside of the cane to smooth out the grain of the wood. You may be surprised and the reed may play at this point. I alternate using my knife with a file or sand paper when scraping the reed. Forming Bassoon Reeds with WW Profiled Bassoon Cane. Soak your blank for a few minutes then remove it from the water. Opening the tip of reed by squeezing the second wire top to bottom accomplishes two things. Create a lower tone in the reeds 'crow'. He especially wanted to show me, a bassoonist, his reed-making machines for bassoon. ). I use the “wet file” technique that involves dipping the file into water before cutting on the reed. All 4 of the band directors are impressed and don't believe I need a private instructor, that I do not have time, or funds, for anyway. The sides should be of even strength and close together a little at a time from the sides to the middle, not all at once. See more ideas about bassoon, bassoon reeds, bassoons. We have two bassoon reed making kits which include all of the tools needed to get going. 6. is there any way to make it last longer? Let blank rest for a couple of weeks and then cut reed off 30-31 mm from first wire. Bassoon Reeds. Of course the overall instrument is important, but the whole thing can't be switched so easily. A sharp reed that is hard to blow on may improve dramatically using this procedure. Insert a forming mandrel into the reed; crush the cane behind the second wire to the back to round the blank, remove the string and place the third wire on the bottom of the reed, 3 mm from the butt end. Scrape and file it down gradually, remembering to always cut towards the center and avoid getting the sides too thin. Making’Bassoon’Reeds’’ (Eryn&OftStyle,&using&Rieger&1A&shape&GSP&cane)& & Hand/Gouge,’Fold,’and’Bevel:’ & 1. A bright sounding reed will have thicker sides in relationship to the center. https://youtu.be/tedyQfIA5II. Bend the wire until it is the shape of a hook. This helps prevent the cane from breaking from the inside out and also gives you a curved surface on which to scrape on. If the reed fails this test it needs to be weakened by scraping/filing, etc. Now using narrow-nosed pliers, squeeze the first wire (top) at the front and back of the reed… Retighten all wires and wrap reed. If you want to make your reed more vibrant and the tip opening is already adequate, you may have to close the first wire top to bottom to a usable opening after you free it up by squeezing the second wire top to bottom. IF you rotate this will cause the blades to slip and change the end result. Hold the twine as shown (left) and wrap all the way up and all the way back down the body of the reed. Taking your thumb and pressing on the end of the reed on both sides is one way to try to judge this. The wire placement and cutoff length is critical so please use the dimensions indicated below. Trimming the Reed to Weaken and Flatten its Pitch. The reed has two tapers from back to front and from center to sides. If it is too closed, opening the first wire from the sides will help the reed vibrate more, have more dynamic contrast, and play louder. I have taught myself everything I know. For more information about Robert Williams, retired principal bassoonist for the Detroit Symphony Orchestra (DSO), please check out his profile! 8. Instructions for how to make your own Bassoon reed! If the blank appears to be stronger on one side, trim that side to try to even the sides out. This will help keep the cane from tearing at the tip. He was hoping I could recommend them to my boss for sale here in the States. x��ێ����)Zf�=}����v�@A�����}�^��ae�֎� �>)��9��� �4�Uſ,�9�S�U�SY7U��;ڶ�������r7��n�o�7�_����]����m��Ɔ��C}����n��=tmq�����I�U}��-/_��^^�e]^>-7�Ey�c��K�͔��};席��n(/����g���ط��O&msQ6����EaOn��@������Ó�}�r��h��o��p�0)��g��������K�((���g�w��=�Ԯ�V�a�A��b�氯��ݕþ�}�F�U{z���b��7Yk�n�]�|���߬��)f�UC_5�cu��n1�}�`�x�q��3�m��:�潈y��6þ:��)G���Ι�6�11߳������2�Ea���E��5�#��ߞ�Y�hͣ�Xل�]Su�������R���!䒡�}�+$������fo�edRP����M�\:i�o5;sy[u>Ul+���n��k-� }�^l^�����\ڴ�F���>�w. Reeds can be made with no collar at all or collars as much as a quarter of an inch in front of the first wire. Finishing both bassoon and oboe reeds requires the reed-maker to scrape along the cane section of the reed with a scraping knife to specific dimensions and lengths depending on the reed style and the musician's preference. The main advantage of this is that you are not taking cane off the reed and you can restore the reed back to its previous condition by rounding back the wires if necessary. This can be done by using a knife and cutting block, end nippers, or special tools made for this purpose. www.caylabellamy.com+ If!there!is!nothing!visibly!wrong!with!yourreed!but!you!are!not!happy!with!the!sound!it!is! The knife does the bulk of the work and the file/sandpaper smoothes out the knife marks. Try reed and trim as necessary. Push the reed as far is it will go onto the forming mandrel (3-5mm past the 1st line if your mandrel has lines, or until the back ends of cane begin to separate). This blog post is provided courtesy of Womble/Williams Double Reeds (WWDR). I use a diamond triangle file for taking cane out of the back of the reed. Proudly created with Wix.com. Let blank rest for a couple of weeks and then cut reed off 30-31 mm from first wire. The second wire adjustments are opposite the first wire and I find these usually more advantageous then first wire adjustments. Cut the buckle off the belt. A good reed must play in tune, respond and lastly have a good sound, it that order!! If the collar on the two sides of the reed does not line up, the strength of the two sides will probably not be equal. Wrap the reed with yarn, and apply a gleaming coat of adhesive or nail varnish top coat to prevent fraying. Tighten all wires and let blank dry a minimum of one day. 4. The side with the collar farther towards the tip of the reed will more than likely be stronger. Create a higher tone in the reeds 'crow'. 15:54 on Saturday, March 7, 2009 carlaxxbassoon (1 point) Posted by carlaxxbassoon. While the blank is dry, ream the reed blank so that the reed will go on to your bocal the recommended distance, usually around 1/4 inch (7mm). The easiest way to flatten the pitch in a reed is to flatten the first two wires of the reed, top to bottom, with your fingers or reed pliers. If the reed at this point is hard to blow on and seems sharp you will need to flatten the wires or trim cane from it. This is not very likely but possible. Soak&caneand&twinefor&1hour.& A reed that plays flat needs to be made harder by shortening the tip, narrowing the shape, rounding the wires, reaming or tightening the wires. 40, begin scoring 1 mm below the collar, being sure to cut all the way through the cane by the time the knife reaches the butt. First soak the reed thoroughly (for at least 5 minutes) from the tip down to the second wire (the lower wire next to the binding). Oct 23, 2019 - Explore Donna Foley's board "Bassoon Reeds" on Pinterest. how can you make your bassoon reed last longer? I'll have plenty of time to learn with summer coming up in 2 weeks. For the past 10 years I’ve been making reeds and studying the art of reed making and I’m excited to offer reeds that will help players of every level enjoy the bassoon. Tightening the wire will: Dampen the reeds vibrations. Furthermore, depending on the position, one key pad may in some cases cover three tone holes. If done properly the score marks will stop the knife and an even collar will be obtained. If you want to get the very best pair of bassoon pliers available, then get the Rieger bassoon pliers. I then place my knife flat on the lay of the reed and cut back towards the score marks, trying not to cut down into the cane, keeping the front back taper as on the opposite side. Try playing on the new reed. If it closes all at once scrape the channels and sides. For more information about Robert Williams, retired principal bassoonist for the Detroit Symphony Orchestra (DSO), please check out his. Soak the cane in warm water a minimum of 30 minutes. The use of a dial indicator will help set the thickness in strategic areas of the reed if desired. Bassoon reeds are not as thin as oboe reeds, so the likelyhood of breaking them is a lot lower. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Any serious student of the bassoon will end up biting the bullet and deciding to learn to make his or her own reeds. I used Jone’s profiled cane for many years and I can still get good results with this cane. The price varies depending on the exchange rate with the Euro, but they are in the $45-60 range. Making bassoon reeds really IS easy. 7. Make sure to wrap this very tightly- it will prevent cracking later. Place your ruler against the bottom of the reed and measure a total length of 55mm. Scraping the first 1 to 2 mm of the tip is fairly safe but much farther back in the heart of the reed will adversely affect the reed unless it is very thick and fails the E flat test mentioned earlier. If the reed plays flat and the E natural and C sharp in the staff drop in pitch you will need to strengthen the reed by rounding the wires, shortening by cutting the tip or narrowing the shape of the reed. As demonstrated in Glickman/Popkin’s “Bassoon Reed Making” pg. If this note is unstable and sharp, you need to make your reed weaker by trimming or adjusting the wires. Any work on it will involve scraping all “four” sides of the reed equally to keep it that way. A bright flat reed can be improved using this procedure. I take my knife and score a line where I want my collar to be, about 1mm in front of the first wire. It is possible to ream a wet reed with a diamond reamer if necessary. About the Author: About the Author: Sandra Downing, scientist and bassoon teacher, has been making reeds for nearly 30 years for herself and her students .In 2007, Sandra was persuaded to sell her bassoon reeds to the public, with outstanding success. Insert a forming mandrel into the reed; crush the cane behind the second wire to the back to round the blank, remove the string and place the third wire on the bottom of the reed, 3 mm from the butt end. Snip off the very corners of the reed. 3. Another way to check this note is to play the E flat with this simple fingering pp and then add the second finger right hand and B flat key to see if the added fingers flatten the note to its true pitch. The critical notes for checking a flat reed are E and C# in the staff. 4 0 obj You can’t have success on the bassoon without having a good reed to play on. The theory of collar placement is that the farther away from the first wire the collar is placed, the more cane can be taken out of the reed in the back. A very good test of this note is to slur from the E just above pp to the E flat to see if you get a true half step change in pitch. It is known for its distinctive tone colour, wide range, variety of character, and agility. Make sure to push straight into the reed and DO NOT rotate while inserting. It takes a long time to learn this undertaking. Work slowly and try not to get frustrated. The most consistent way for making reeds is to use cane of the same grower, gouge, shape and profile, formed on the same mandrel, etc. So we set our reed on the drying rack for at least 4 hours, preferably until the next day, to make sure the glue is dry before we take our next step. %��������� Cutting off the tip of the reed, narrowing the shape of the reed, rounding the wires and/or checking that the reed is reamed so that it goes on to the bocal the normal distance. You know, times are tough, & I can't afford to get out & keep buying 10 reeds every couple week, yah know? 3) Clean out the bore with a rat-tail file to remove "scum" and to bring an older reed back to life. Score the cane on the outside from where the second wire will be to the back of the cane on both sides. ©2020 by B.O.S.S. In a properly constructed reed the wires provide great latitude of adjustments in the sound and response of the reed. Another option is to purchase "store-bought reeds" and learn how to adjust them so that they are more playable. Fiddly, yes, but difficult - no. Leaving personal sound preferences aside, a good reed will be well-balanced – in order to play and vibrate properly, it should be evenly scraped and symmetrical in shape and thickness in … The first of these is E flat in the staff fingered only with the whisper key and the first and third fingers of the left hand. If a reed balks on attacks, is hard to control in soft dynamics, scraping the back half will help. Cut the tip of the reed, insert a plaque between the two sides to … If too much wood is taken out of the back, the register from middle C to F, a forth above will be adversely affected and very hard to keep up to pitch. This can be accomplished by doing some or all of the following. I believe that scraping in the channels gives you a more vibrant reed without getting an excessively bright sound. An equaling file can be used to take cane off the strong side of the reed in the back at this point to try to even up the sides. Although, I do NOT have a private instructor. Try reed and trim as necessary. The back half of the reed controls the blowing qualities of the reed. The second and third of these notes are the above-mentioned E natural and C sharp. Always have a plaque inserted into the reed when scraping, filing or sanding. Remember that cane is much less likely to crack when wet and all work done on the reed with the exception of reaming should be done with the reed moist. Try to stay with consistent cane when starting out. Scraping this area is safer and gives better results than scraping the sides or the center because it avoids both the heart and fragile sides of the reed. So you will need a private instructor of bassoon pliers take cane out of specific areas a few minutes remove..., you can either buy one or make one using an old belt years and find. When thinning the tip doing some or all of the reed the individual player stay with cane... Difficult to make his or her own reeds 31mm from the inside of the and... ” of the bassoon reed with a seat strap, you can either buy one or make one an! '' on Pinterest at this point hanger through one of the sides will raise the pitch of the reed half... So that they are more playable reed harder by scraping the cane will be the inconsistent part of collar. Its distinctive tone colour, wide range, variety of character, and apply a coat. Too many and too complex, so you will need a private teacher to you. Rotate while inserting is most fragile area of the reed and make it darker in sound by damping vibrations... S “ bassoon reed making ” pg bullet and deciding to learn to make a flat reed harder scraping! So please use the dimensions indicated below the work and the reed if desired of tone within... Respond and lastly have a good reed to just above the first beginning reed makers tend scrape..., scraped and folded over and bound at the tip of the belt.. To always cut towards the tip of the reed tightly from the sides when scraping play and... Both sides `` store-bought reeds '' on Pinterest bassoon with the collar is up to the center each the! As oboe reeds, so the likelyhood of breaking them is a lot nicer inch or 1.5mm single piece cane... And an even collar will be obtained of weeks and then cut reed off 30-31 mm first! Reed balks on attacks, is hard to blow on may improve dramatically using this procedure in tune or make... Sounding reed will play flatter in pitch and gain resonance cane when starting out using the following.! Come with a heavy center and becomes a reed that is hard to blow on improve! Cane and stick with it until you feel confident to try to stay with consistent cane starting. Consistent cane when starting out usually more advantageous then first wire and i can still get good results a... Fails this test it needs to be around of an inch or 1.5mm these notes the... Want my collar to be, about 1mm in front of the bassoon ideas about,! On one side, trim that side to try to scrape the reed if this note is unstable sharp! Use a diamond triangle file for taking cane out of the bassoon machines are a cane guillotine hand-crank. Symmetrical and of equal strength on both sides when scraping, filing or sanding more info Jone ’ s bassoon. Reed blank will start out being symmetrical and of equal strength on both sides of the reed kit... A private instructor with it until you feel confident to try something.. At that point and snip off the `` surface scum '' that collects use! Play flatter in pitch and gain resonance these instructions, please visit WWDR website. Point ) Posted by carlaxxbassoon learn with summer coming up in 2 weeks file it down gradually, remembering always. In relation to the center and becomes a reed the wires fasten the base with wire hold. Reed blank will start out being symmetrical and of equal strength on both sides the position, one pad... Varnish top coat to prevent fraying a properly constructed reed the bassoon machines are a cane guillotine, hand-crank,. My knife with a minimum of effort if you have problems playing sharp go a!
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