Plant Parts and Their Functions – Structural Organization in Plants. THE ROOT SYSTEM – It is located below the ground, responsible for absorbing water and minerals from the soil as well as give firmness to the whole plant/tree. Flowers. The parts-of-the-plant-and-their-functions chart for grade 2 and grade 3 gives a detailed description of the functions of each part of the plant. Perfect vs. Imperfect. Every plant is made up of four essential parts that scientifically classify it as a plant. Plants grow everywhere. Flowers' beauty and fragrance evolved not to please humans but to attract pollinators (insects or birds), which are central to the reproductive process. Each of these four parts plays an important role in helping the plant to grow and thrive. These easy seed science experiments are a great way for 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grade students to explore the parts of a seed and learn their functions as they dissect and label the inside of a seed. The embryo is a miniature form of the plant that is fed by the nutrition contained in the endosperm. Seed coat, micropyle, endosperm and embryo are major parts of a seed. Let’s know about the parts of a plant. Aerial structures are those that grow above the Earth's surface, such as stem , leaves, flowers and fruits. The Root. Parts of a Plant and Their Functions. Sexual reproduction is the sole function of flowers, often the showiest part of a plant. If a flower has both of these parts, it is called a perfect flower, even if it lacks some of the other key parts. The three parts of a seed are the embryo, the endosperm and the seed coat. Learn to correlate the parts with their functions. Plants are mainly classified into two parts: The Root System; The Shoot System. The main functions of the root system are absorption of water and minerals from the soil, providing a proper anchorage to the plant parts, storing reserve food material and synthesis of plant growth regulators. 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